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Celebrating Juno’s 10th Launch Anniversary
Celebrate Juno’s progress with a newly released “By The Numbers” infographic and a collection of some of the mission’s greatest video hits .
35 orbits completed, 3Tb science data collected, 130k MPH Top Speed Reached Relative to Jupiter, 1,450 Turns to Reorient Spacecraft, 1,646 KG of Propellant Used, 3.1B Miles Traveled Since Launch, 65 Trajectory Adjustments, 25.3 MWhr Produced vs. 20.2 MWhr Consumed, 19,846 Images Taken with JunoCam, 2M Commands Executed.
On August 5, 2011, NASA’s Juno spacecraft was launched to Jupiter on a mission to peer through the gas giant planet’s dense clouds and answer questions about the origins of our solar system. Since its arrival on July 4, 2016, Juno has provided scientists a treasure trove of data about the planet’s origins, interior structures, atmosphere and magnetosphere. Juno is the first mission to observe Jupiter’s deep atmosphere and interior, and will continue to delight with dazzling views of the planet’s colorful clouds and Galilean moons. As it circles Jupiter, Juno provides critical knowledge for understanding the formation of our own solar system, the Jovian system and the role giant planets play in putting together planetary systems elsewhere. NASA has released a new infographic to celebrate Juno’s progress since launch.
The infographic is available for download, and a collection of some of the mission’s greatest video hits has been compiled below.
Juno Flies Past the Moon Ganymede and Jupiter, With Music by Vangelis
On June 7, 2021, NASA’s Juno spacecraft flew closer to Jupiter’s ice-encrusted moon Ganymede than any spacecraft in more than two decades. Less than a day later, Juno made its 34th flyby of Jupiter. This animation provides a “starship captain” point of view of each flyby. For both worlds, JunoCam images were orthographically projected onto a digital sphere and used to create the flyby animation. Synthetic frames were added to provide views of approach and departure for both Ganymede and Jupiter.
This mini-documentary tells the story of how amateur radio operators sent a Morse Code "HI" to NASA's Jupiter-bound Juno spacecraft. Would Juno hear their call?
Fly into the Great Red Spot of Jupiter with NASA’s Juno Mission
This animation takes the viewer on a simulated flight into, and then out of, Jupiter’s upper atmosphere at the location of the Great Red Spot. It was created by combining an image from the JunoCam imager on NASA's Juno spacecraft with a computer-generated animation.
The perspective begins about 2,000 miles (3,000 kilometers) above the cloud tops of the planet's southern hemisphere. The bar at far left indicates altitude during the quick descent; a second gauge next to that depicts the dramatic increase in temperature that occurs as the perspective dives deeper down. The clouds turn crimson as the perspective passes through the Great Red Spot. Finally, the view ascends out of the spot.
A "Flight" Over Jupiter
This video uses images from NASA’s Juno mission to recreate what it might have looked like to ride along with the Juno spacecraft as it performed its 27th close flyby of Jupiter on June 2, 2020. During the closest approach of this pass, the Juno spacecraft came within approximately 2,100 miles (3,400 kilometers) of Jupiter’s cloud tops. At that point, Jupiter’s powerful gravity accelerated the spacecraft to tremendous speed – about 130,000 mph (209,000 kilometers per hour) relative to the planet.
Citizen scientist Kevin M. Gill created the video using data from the spacecraft’s JunoCam instrument. The sequence combines 41 JunoCam still images digitally projected onto a sphere, with a virtual “camera” providing views of Jupiter from different angles as the spacecraft speeds by. The original JunoCam images were taken on June 2, 2020, between 2:47 a.m. PDT (5:47 a.m. EDT) and 4:25 a.m. PDT (7:25 a.m. EDT).
Juno Approach Movie of Jupiter and the Galilean Moons
NASA's Juno spacecraft captured a unique time-lapse movie of the Galilean satellites in motion about Jupiter. The movie begins on June 12th with Juno 10 million miles from Jupiter, and ends on June 29th, 3 million miles distant. The innermost moon is volcanic Io; next in line is the ice-crusted ocean world Europa, followed by massive Ganymede, and finally, heavily cratered Callisto.
Galileo observed these moons to change position with respect to Jupiter over the course of a few nights. From this observation he realized that the moons were orbiting mighty Jupiter, a truth that forever changed humanity's understanding of our place in the cosmos. Earth was not the center of the Universe. For the first time in history, we look upon these moons as they orbit Jupiter and share in Galileo’s revelation. This is the motion of nature's harmony.
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Juno's 10th Launch Anniversary
Jupiter Orbit Insertion
Mission Flight Plan